Locked History Actions


This HOWTO describes how to run a single core job on the Infolab Compute Cluster.

The program

We are going to use just a simple Python script as our main program for this HOWTO. You can download the script here SingleCore.py.

   1 #!/usr/bin/python2.7
   3 import socket, datetime, time, getpass
   5 start = datetime.datetime.now()
   6 hostname = socket.gethostname().split('.')[0]
   7 username = getpass.getuser()
   8 time.sleep(10)
   9 end = datetime.datetime.now()
  11 dfmt = "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S"
  12 print "Started: %s Finished: %s Host: %s User: %s" % (start.strftime(dfmt), end.strftime(dfmt), hostname, username)

The script starts, records the current time, figures out the hostname it is running on and the username it is running as. Then it sleeps for 10 seconds (so we at least have some impact on the cluster), records the time again and prints out a string that may look a little something like this:

Started: 2012-10-16 15:56:55 Finished: 2012-10-16 15:57:05 Host: ilhead1 User: akrevl

It's a good idea to check if the program will run on the target platform. It doesn't make much difference for a Python script, but if you were running a C binary it's worth checking if it runs on the AMD platform. This is where ild1 comes in. The development node ild1 is set up in the same way as the cluster nodes are. So let's test the script on ild1:

/usr/bin/python2.7 /afs/cs.stanford.edu/u/akrevl/tutorial/SingleCore/SingleCore.py

Note that we are using a full path both to the python executable and to the Python script. The result is as expected:

Started: 2012-10-16 17:04:44 Finished: 2012-10-16 17:04:54 Host: ild1 User: akrevl

The submission script

Now that we got the program up and running let's log into the submission node ilhead1 and prepare a submission script. You can download the script here: SingleCore.qsub.sh

   1 #!/bin/bash
   2 #PBS -N SingleCoreJob
   3 #PBS -l nodes=1:ppn=1
   4 #PBS -l walltime=00:01:00
   6 /usr/bin/python2.7 /afs/cs.stanford.edu/u/akrevl/tutorial/SingleCore/SingleCore.py

We are using a friendly name SingleCoreJob for our submission and we are limiting our job to a single node and a single CPU cure (based on what our script does, there really is no reason to ask for more). We are also limiting the wall clock time to 1 minute. Since our program only sleeps for 10 seconds a 1 minute wall time seems more than enough for the job to complete.

Submit the job

Nothing left to do but submit the job to the cluster with qsub:

qsub -V /afs/cs.stanford.edu/u/akrevl/tutorial/SingleCore/SingleCore.qsub.sh

If we submitted the job successfully, the resource manager should reply with with the ID of the job and the name of the headnode:


Check on the job

While the job is running, you can check on it with qstat and showq commands. Please be patient with the showq command as it tends to return timeouts when a lot of jobs are in the queue.

~/ $ qstat
Job id                    Name             User            Time Use S Queue
------------------------- ---------------- --------------- -------- - -----
4651.ilhead1               SingleCoreJob    akrevl                 0 R test

~/ $ showq
ACTIVE JOBS--------------------

4651                 akrevl    Running     1    00:01:00  Tue Oct 16 17:19:29

     1 Active Job        1 of  896 Processors Active (0.11%)
                         1 of   28 Nodes Active      (3.57%)

The results

Once the job is finished it should deposit two files into the directory we ran qsub from:

  • SingleCoreJob.e4651: copy of the standard error stream

  • SingleCoreJob.o4651: copy of the standard output stream

Let's see what does our directory contain:

~/ $ ls /afs/cs.stanford.edu/u/akrevl/tutorial/SingleCore

Now let's see the content of those files:

~/ $ cat SingleCoreJob.e4651
~/ $ cat SingleCoreJob.o4651
Started: 2012-10-16 17:19:29 Finished: 2012-10-16 17:19:39 Host: iln28 User: akrevl

Excellent, the standard error file is empty and the standard output tells us that our job ran on node iln28 and it finished (as expeted) in 10 seconds.